March 24, 2016
By: MHPosted in indonesia
Tags: Central-Kalimatan, East-Kalimantan, Excursions, excursions-tours-indonesia, Indonesia, Kalimantan, North-Kalimantan, South-Kalimantan, Tours, West-Kalimantan
Provinces of Kalimantan and their Capitals
Kalimantan is the Indonesian part of the island of Borneo, the 3rd largest island in the world. The Indonesian part covers some 580.000 km2 (225.000 sq mi), the vast area is home to only 12 million people, so most of the provinces (shown below), especially the interior is very sparsely populated, and the vast rain forests here is some of the most bio-diverse areas in the world. North Kalimantan province was formed, separated from the province of East Kalimantan in 2012, which is now the newest province of Indonesia.
West Kalimantan’s capital city is Pontianak, the province is with a population of about 5 million, bordering to the north is Malaysia. The ethnic groups include the Dayak, Malay, Chinese, Javanese, Bugis and Madurese. The borders of West Kalimantan roughly trace the mountain ranges surrounding the watershed of the Kapuas River which drains most of the province. Lying directly on the equator with many canals crisscross the city and one of Indonesia’s longest rivers, the Kapuas (1,143 km long) divides the town in two, providing an essential and historical communications link. Stone carvings and ceramics can be traced as far back as the 5th century, but it is the influence of Islam that has had the most impact on this region. West Kalimantan covers an area of over 146,607 sq km, rich in a variety of minerals and precious stones, and remains largely unexplored. Coastal areas are mainly swamp lands with more than 100 rivers sculpting the flat plains. In the mountainous eastern parts of the province, away from the city and plains, there are many Dayak villages. A large Chinese population, Malays and other Indonesian ethnic groups account for the rest of the inhabitants of the province.
West Kalimantan has a tropical climate with the average daily minimum temperature of 23 C and maximum 30 C. A light rainy season from March – May and the heavy rain from November – January. The best ways to enter West Kalimantan is Supadio International airport, 18 km from Pontianak city is easily accessible from Jakarta or Singapore by air. Pelini’s Ship sail from Jakarta and Surabaya to Pontianak. Pontianak is easy accessible from Kuching, East Malaysia via Entikong.
Central Kalimatan is the biggest province on the island, covering 253,800 square kilometers, most are covered in jungles. The northern area is mountainous and difficult to reach. The central is dense tropical forest. The southern area is swampy and it has many rivers. The climate is hot and humid. The tree Dayak sub-tribes who inhabit this province. Still live in isolation among the forest.
By Garuda Indonesia Airlines domestic flights direct to Palangkaraya, capital of Central Kalimantan, three times every day.
Traditional Indonesian food can be found in most places, but you might want to try the specialty–rattan. And no you are not required to have teeth of steel to chew material mostly used to create furniture! Very young, tender rattans are harvested, the thorns and outer layer are removed. Then the inside of the young rattan is processed and cooked with other vegetables. The taste is rather rubbery and bitter, and best eaten with fish, or so the locals believe.
South Kalimantan is well connected with cities all over the Indonesian Archipelago through Syamsudin Noor Airport, which is about 25 km from Banjarmasin This busy airport handles DC-9. The majority is called Banjar, pious Muslim folks. Malay people also dominate this place. Soto Banjar is a specialty here, best served hot and eaten with steamed rice. It is actually chicken soup, Banjar style. Several spices like clove, nutmeg and cinnamon are added. The variety of cakes are available here are plenty and very tasty. Deep fried breads with yummy fillings, sticky banana rice cakes, are a must for those with sweet teeth.
East Kalimantan’s economy heavily depends on earth resources such as oilfield exploration, natural gas, coal and gold Balikpapan has an oil refinery plant that was built by Dutch Other developing economic sectors include agriculture and tourism. East Kalimantan has a unique natural site, Labuan Cermin Lake at Biduk-biduk district which features fresh water on top with about 2 meters thickness and sea water underneath it. Both fresh water fish and sea water fish live in the lake inhabiting their respective habitat layer.
North Kalimantan is located on the Indonesian part of the island of Borneo. North Kalimantan borders the Malaysian states of Sabah to the north and Sarawak to the west, and by the Indonesian province of East Kalimantan to the south, it covers 72,275.12 square kilometres with a population of about 700,000. North Kalimantan is the youngest province in Indonesia, making it number 34. The province of North Kalimantan includes the regencies of Bulungan, Malinau, Nunukan, Tana Tidung, and the island city of Tarakan is the capitol and is their only city of North Kalimantan. Tarakan was once a major oil producing region during the colonial period. Tarakan had great strategic importance during the Pacific War and was among the first Japanese targets early in the war. Tarakan is served with several ferries, linking it to other cities on eastern Borneo, Nunukan in North Kalimantan Berau and Balikpapan in East Kalimantan and Tawauin Sabah. The port also provides links to cities on other Indonesian islands.
Sulawesi and Java. Tarakan has the airport called Juwata Airport, located 3.5 km from the city. The airport has domestic flight routes to Balikpapan, Jakarta, Surabaya, Denpasar and Makassar, as well as an international route to Tawau, Malaysia. The economy is now dominated by fisheries and forest products. , the city of Tarakan also played an important role during the Second World War in the Pacific, when Japanese and the Allied Forces fought over this strategic location. Up to this day, there are still many remnants and monuments found throughout the city as a reminder of these historic events. The area includes some of the most pristine forests on Kalimantan, making it one of the last frontiers for hard-core jungle trekking. Only a handful of people have crossed the vast jungle of the Kayan Mentarang National Park, making it a most challenging site to conquer.